Dhamar is a market and religious center, known for its thoroughbred horses and its ancient Muslim theological school. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? On May 24, security authorities in Dhamar defused an explosive in Otoma disctrict that was planted near the house of Jamal Abdulla Maooda, a member of the local council in Dhamar and the General People's Congress.
Explosive kills two in Dhamar. The data of the agricultural statistics obtains by Saba stated that the province of Ibb was ranked first among the provinces in production and cultivation of potatoes, where the production during the same year reached to Yemen's potato production reaches DHAMARJuly Eight members of the same family died in Dhamar governorate after inhaling toxic fumes from an electricity generator in the early hours of Monday morning.
Generator fumes kill eight family members in Dhamar. Dhamar people offer millions cash convoy in support to Yemen Air force industry. Bus drivers in Dhamar on strike. Dhamar residents mark annual anniversary of martyred president al-Sammad.
Salafi-Houthi coexistence agreement signed in Dhamar. President discusses with Dhamar Governor situation in province. Four separate incidents in June linked to the fuel crisis in Dhamar have resulted in casualties. Fuel disputes in Dhamar leave four dead, two injured in June. Tribal arbitration resolves assault on security commander in Dhamar. At the rally, Dhamar governor Mohammed Hussein al-Maqdashi praised the role of residents of the province in confront the aggression and thwart its plans that target Yemen.
Dhamar tribes reject normalization with Israeli entity, disown Saudi aggression-backed traitors. Encyclopedia browser? Full browser?Post a Comment. Monday, June 30, Kathak Fundamentals. Kathak as a dance form is recognized as India 's very unique traditional classical dance. Kathak Dance is based on three important pillars —. There are two parts to the Kathak dance. Music in Kathak:. In the traditional Kathak dance form Indian classical Hindustani music is followed.
Major instruments used in this dance form are- ghungroo,tabala, pakhawaj, harmonium, sarangi, sitar,suramandal,tanpura, flute, sarod and manjira etc. The Dance Form:. The structure of a conventional Kathak performance usually moves from slow to fast, ending in a climax. There are also compositions consisting solely of footwork. All compositions are performed so that the final step and beat of the composition lands on the 'sam' or first beat of the time-cycle.
Most compositions also have 'bols' rhythmic words which serve both as mnemonics to the composition and whose recitation also forms an integral part of the performance. The bols can be borrowed from tabla e. The performer engages in a play of taal, loy and sur. Before the start of the dance, the musicians and singers take up their defined positions and start recitation by playing Lahera on harmonium in vilambit laya tempo and then the tabala player plays a long uthan start-up.
At this moment the dancer enters the stage and pays respect to the Guru The teacher ,the gods, the singer as well as the musicians and takes-up the position with a definite posture of the Kathak dance. The compositions can be sub-divided as follows:. After the Ganesha Vandana is performed, the toda performed with Natvari bol is called Aamad.
Salaami related to Arabic word,'salaam' - is a salutation to the audience in the Muslim style. The dancer finishes on 'sam' in a statuesque standing thaat pose. Gat from the word for 'gait, walk' - shows abstract visually beautiful gaits or scenes from daily life. Gat can be classified as:. Gatnikash: When a dancer takes a rotation and tries to come out then it is known as Gatnikash.
Gatbhav: In which a dancer acts of all the characters of the chosen story by following the rhythm and tempo which adds the dimension in the artists expressions. Gatbhav is a very difficult part of Kathak dance, because it is the mixture of Abhinay actingNrit movements of body parts along with rhythm and tempo and the assimilation of both i. Nrithya dance. Ghatbhav can be divided in two parts, viz.The main percussion instruments used in Hindustani North Indian classical music are the tabla and the somewhat less common pakhavaj.
The tabla is a set of two drums of different sizes and timbers that are played simultaneously by tapping on them with the hands in various ways to produce different kinds of sounds. These sounds are then strung together in sequences to create different rhythm patterns to accompany musical performances.
In the hands of an expert tabla player, the tabla can make all kinds of fantastic sounds, but there are a couple of dozen commonly produced sounds - dhaa, ga, ge, gi, ka, ke, dhi, dhin, tin, tun, tit, ti, te, Ta, tr, naa, ne, re, kat, taa, dhaage, tiTa, tirikiTa.
Of course, these are just vocalizations of the actual sounds produced by the tabla. They are called boland it is these bols that are combined in various ways to get many interesting rhythm patterns taal. Here are some examples of taals popularly used in various genres within Hindustani classical music.
As you may have noticed, each taal is divided into several sections because this makes it easier to understand and recognize the slashes indicate where one section ends and a new one begins.
So, for instance, the Teentaal has four sections of four beats each, while the Ektaal has six sections of two beats each. Ruupak is asymmetric - it has three sections of three, two and two beats respectively. All the sections taken together represent one complete cycle of the taalwhich is then repeated over and over again for the duration of the piece of music to which it is applied. Here's a visualization of Teentaal as a cycle.
Fixed raga compositions bandish are usually set to a certain taalwhich means that the melody of each line of lyric is structured to fit into the groove of that taal. Let's take a look at what I mean. Here is a bandish set to fit a beat rhythm cycle. Watch the video to see how every line of lyric is melodically structured to fit into a total of 12 beats. That was a simple example.
Most compositions are not structured to begin on the first beat of the rhythm cycle. Because a taal has accented and unaccented beats woven together in a unique pattern, and compositions are designed to fit nicely into this groove. If you have a composition set to a specific taal but you don't know how to fit it into the taal 's cycle, a simple rule is to find the composition's most emphatic syllable and match that with the first beat of taal cycle. One way to do this is to start each line of lyric on the appropriate beat of the previous cycle of the taal.
It gets more complicated. Some compositions are structured so that different lines begin on different beats for the most emphatic syllable of each line to correctly coincide with the first beat of the taal cycle. Here is an example of such a bandish. In practice, instead of the singer starting the composition on the appropriate beat of the taal cycle, it is usually the singer who starts first, and the tabla makes a dramatic entry on the most emphatic note of the first line of melody.
From then on, of course, the tabla will continue to play and the singer must make sure to keep on top of the beat. The syllable in the melody line on which the first beat of the tabla makes its dramatic entry is called sam rhymes with "some" and "from".
It is the most dramatic syllable in the melody line and plays a very important role in Hindustani music performances. Because of its dramatic quality, the sam is the most easily recognizable part of the melody line, so artists use it as the "point of return" in their flights of improvisation. If you listen carefully to a classical raga performance, you will find that during some portions of the performance one small line of lyric is repeated dozens of times with different melodic variations.
This is one kind of improvisation. The rule here involves fitting the improvised portion correctly into the given taal structure, and the way the artist displays that skill is by correctly singing the sam syllable on the first beat of the rhythm cycle. In the video below, I demonstrate by singing variations of the first line jaa, jaa re apne man diravaa of the bandish above. The rule is that the syllable man should always fall on the first beat of the rhythm cycle.
Everything else can be varied. That was just me demonstrating, but real artists do a much better job. You do not have to sing the sam syllable every single cycle artists often improvise variations that span several cyclesbut when you do return to the composition, the sam should fall on the first beat.
This makes the improvisations quite exciting because the audience is treated to the building up and resolution of tension in short or longer bouts. When the artist takes off from the refrain, you're on the edge of your seat, wondering, "Where is she off to this time?This city is one of the archeological sites that are found near Dhamar. This city was one of the prominent Arabian and Islamic culture and scientific centers in Yemen.
Its Great Mosque was built in the period of the caliph Abu Bakr. As Dhamar City had a great role in the politic and trading life in Yemen, it had an important historical role in Yemen before the lifetime of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. The antique Yemeni engravings mentioned Dhamar city as being a very famous center of the Islamic studies and sciences, and many of the great scientists are attributed to this historical town. In past times, the people of Dhamar were known for bringing up horses ; the city was an early center of horse-breeding in Arabia.
The town is still known in Yemen for its numerous historical mosques and schools, which are distinguished by their characteristic architecture in harmony with the colours of its volcanic land.
The city of Dhamar, in the center of the Dhamar basinis of ancient origin. Dhamar is the only town in northern Yemen, which is not surrounded by a wall or natural defensive formations; it is just a settlement on the plains. Centrally situated with connections to the nearby governorates, the town has prospered as a Wednesday market and meeting place for tribes living nearby. It is home to the University of Thamar the largest university in the country.
Rosicrucians associate Dhamar with the mystical city of Damcar -- a city in Arabia described in the Fama Fraternitatisinhabited by scholars and alchemists who studied the lost secrets of Hermes Trismegistus and Solomonvisited by Christian Rosenkreuz. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Place in Dhamar, Yemen. Thamar University. Retrieved 1 November Yemeni cities and towns by population. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references Articles with short description Articles containing Arabic-language text Coordinates on Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Source: Climate-Data.The institution imparts theoretical and practical training in the following branches of music and dance. It has nearly affiliated institutions and Exam Centers across India.
Inthe number of students enrolled exceededBrief history of Kathak dance. Atleast 10 to 15 sentences. Define Folk Dance. Names of any five Indian folk dances. Asanyukta-hasta-mudra: Definition and usages of :. Names of well-known Tabla player who accompany Kathak at present. Radha goes to the river bank to fetch water. Krishna comes, breaks her pot, Radha is annoyed,Krishna laughs etc. History of Kathak Dance. Courses Syllabus Meet our staff Enquiry Form.
Information and thekas of Dadra and Kerawa Taal. Names of five Kathak Guru of current time. Teental Theka and its Thah, Dugun and Chaugun 2. Ability to recite all the Todas on hand with Theka.
Ability to recite Theka of Dadra and Keharwa Taal. Students should know the meaning of words of the song. Names of all seven Indian classical dance styles and their states. Life story of a renowned Kathak dancer. Compulsory Question: Ability to write the notations of: 1.
Tatkar Baant ending with proper tihai in Teentaal. All the theory covered up to Praveshika Purna 7. Define Tandav and Lasya.
Four types of neck movements according to Abhinaya Darpan. Eight types of eye movements according to Abhinaya Darpan. Definition and types of Tandav and Lasya.
Ability to write the notations of all the todas in Teental, Rupak and Dhamar. Advance presentation of Teental different than the one presented in Madhyama Pratham. Ability to recite all the Bols in Teental, Rupak and Dhamar. Definition of Nav-Ras.Dhamar — Hori These compositions are similar to Dhrupad but are chiefly associated with the festival of Holi. Here the compositions are specifically in praise of Lord Krishna.
This music, sung in the dhamar talais chiefly used in festivals like Janmashthami, Ramnavami and Holi. Hori is a type of Dhrupad sung on the festival of Holi. The compositions here describe the spring season. These compositions are mainly based on the love pranks of Radha-Krishna. Besides, our purpose is to work in areas as diverse as academic research, music and sound production, exhibition services, and the delivery of cinematic, music, and arts events.
Nad Sadhna was founded in and is based in Jaipur, the city better described as the cultural capital of the Country. Having dedicated study facilities, extensive holdings of published and unpublished materials books, journal and newspaper articles, scores and recordingscollections of recorded music and an audio visual laboratory. Disclaimer : The content may have some copyright material. The purpose is to share education. If anyone has any objection regarding the published material on this website, kindly contact us for removal.
It will be immediately removed. We are also ready to acknowledge owners reference.Its one of the oldest forms of Indian Classical Dance, has its origins deeply rooted since the era of temple dance, thereafter travelling through the Mughal Darbar Era, then to Indian Cinema and now today, the modern age of Kathak.
Notating Indian Classical Music
This course is affiliated with PrayagSangitSamiti, Allahabad. Come join us to learn this journey of Kathak from its devotional purest form to its beautiful version of today! A style that has come into being due to popular dance moves in Indian cinema! It is a blend of various dance styles in a freestyle format! So come join us and learn moves of the hottest chartbusters from Bollywood! Bharatnatyam, a pre-eminent Indian classical dance form presumably the oldest classical dance heritage of India is regarded as mother of many other Indian classical dance forms.
Conventionally a solo dance performed only by women. A form of dance illustrating spiritual ideas emoted by dancer with excellent footwork and impressive gestures. Your Message. Tandav b. Complete study of the masters of this Art in each period and their technique of dancing.
Purpose and history of the art of stage-making including lighting arrangment and discussion on the need of stage and lights.
Significance of costumes in dance, critical analysis of interaction costumes and cosmetics. Characteristics of folk dance and its various forms, features of similarity and dissimilarity between Kathak and Folk dances, need for folk dance and its basic elements. Introductory knowledge of the Bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Odyssey, Kuchipudi and Kathakali schools of dancing and their comparitive study vis-a-vis the Kathak style of dancing.
Comments on Kutap or orchestra and principles underlying its composition. Need and significance of orchestra in Kathak dance. Comparison and contrast between dance and acting their individual characteristics and significance.
Full familarity with western dance, study of various Karans and Rechak employed therein, points of similarity and dissimilarity between western dances and Kathak style of dancing, principles of composition of Ballet dance, individual views on the question of superiority of the Ballet over the Kathak style of dancing or vice versa Full familiarity with modern dance, its costumes and orchestra, Significance of modern dance in Society, Peculiarities of and need for modern dance in these times.
Essays on topics allied with dance, such as a Dancing and life, b Dance and literature, c Dance and the nation, d Place of education in Dance, e Dance and exercise and f Future of Kathak Dance. Ability to perform dance in Kathak style on themes provided during examination. Drawing distinction through actual dance performance between the styles of Lucknow and Jaipur Gharanas Practice in playing some Bols, Tora, Tukra, Paran etc.
Of Tabla and Pakhawaj. Practice of demonstration emotions of Bhawa Hela through singing any two of the following varieties of songs:- Hori, Chaiti, Kajari, Ghazal Tarana and Bhajan Theory Detailed study of the various schools Gharana of Kathak style of dancing.
Study of the life and styles of the past and present masters of dance and the peculiar features of these styles. Definition of notation. Ability to record notation of the Thekas and Bols of the all taals prescribed from the first to sixth years in various rhythmic speeds. Thoughts on and suggestions for evolving a distinct and useful notation system for dance Detailed study of each school of Kathak style, recording of Bols of each school in notation, separately distinguishing features of the Bols of each school.
Knowledge of various rhythmic speeds Recording notation of Naghma or Lahra in all Taals precribed from the first to the sixth years Full familiarity of the Karnataka Taal system.
Comparative study of the Hindustani and Karnataka Taal systems, recording in Karnataka-Taal notation system Taals of the northern region Detailed study of the varieties of Gat and Paran and points of similiarity and dissimilarity among them. Ability to record in notation, at least one example of each them. Essays on topics allied with dance, such as a Folk dance b Dance and its relation with rhythm or tempo c spiritual value of dance d Ennobling of character through dance e Place of mathematics in dance Knowledge of and distinction among Sadharan Chakkardar, Damadar and Bedam, Kamali Chakkardar, Farmaishi Chakkardar, Nrityangi, Talangi, Kavitangi, Sangitangi and Mishrangi Todey.