Roberta Pinotti was born in Genoain ; she holds a degree in modern literature at the University of Genoa and is a teacher of Italian in high schools. She began her political career at the end of the s as a district counselor of Italian Communist Party.
Clicking on Heaven's Door: The Effect of Immigrant Legalization on Crime
First elected deputy inPinotti was the shadow minister of defense in the Shadow Cabinet of Walter Veltroni between May and April In she was a candidate to the centre-left primary election to become Mayor of Genoabut she arrived only third after the leftist Marco Doria and the upcoming Mayor Marta Vincenzi. In she was appointed undersecretary of state sottosegretario di stato in the Ministry of Defence in the government led by Enrico Letta. When the new Secretary of the Democratic Party Matteo Renzi forced Letta to resign and became the new Prime Minister on 22 Februaryhe appointed Pinotti as Minister of Defence ;  she is the first woman to have ever held this office in Italy.
Her first act was to meet the wives of the two Italian marines detained in Indiadue to the Enrica Lexie case. She received criticism in February over navy recruitment adverts which used slogans written in English. In the Parliament approved the so-called "White Book", a plan of reorganization of the heads of the Ministry of Defence and the related structures; the plan also provided a reform of the Italian Armed Forces and a reorganization of the training system. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Italian politician. Retrieved 23 February Corriere della Sera. Governo Italiano. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 7 May Italian Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 6 March Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 14 February The Economist.
Retrieved 27 February Renzi Cabinet — Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.The presence of large illegal populations therefore raises crime concerns in destination countries. Moving from perceptions to statistics, illegals constitute 20—30 percent of all immigrants in Italy but represent 80 percent of those arrested for serious crimes Italian Ministry of Interior, The higher criminal propensity of illegals, however, may reflect differences between legal and illegal residents, as opposed to the causal effect of legal status.
In particular, illegal immigrants are typically young, single, male, and less educated than legal immigrants Cohn and Passel, ; Mastrobuoni and Pinotti, ; and Caponi and Plesca, More generally, the two groups could differ along other dimensions relevant to criminal behavior. It is thus difficult to identify the causal effect of legal status on crime committed by immigrants.
The institutional framework in Italy, however, allows estimation of the causal impact of legal status on criminal behavior. Most important, the exact timing of the cutoff was unknown ex ante, as it depended on the timing of all applications and on how many were rejected for being inaccurate, false, or incomplete. This means comparison of these two groups tells us about the impact of legal status per se. My empirical results suggest that legal status significantly reduces the number of serious crimes committed by immigrants in Italy, from 2.
These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence regarding the effect of immigration on crime. Earlier work by Butcher and Piehl shows no evidence that immigration affected crime across U. Borjas et al. For other countries, Bianchi et al. Finally, Bell et al. This last result suggests that average estimates across geographical areas may mask significant heterogeneity in the criminality of different immigrant groups.
Indeed, the propensity to commit crimes should differ across immigrants depending on individual characteristics, such as age, gender, and education, in the same manner as for natives.
However, immigrants differ among themselves with respect to another important factor: legal status. Baker shows that legalization reduced crime across counties.
At the same time, the IRCA enforced stronger control over hiring illegal immigrants, creating obstacles to employment for those not legalized. Freedman et al. For other countries, Mastrobuoni and Pinotti exploit variation in legal status among pardoned prison inmates in Italy after the EU expansion of January These results can inform the current debate on immigration policy.
My research suggests that the effect of such restrictions will depend crucially on the effective degree of enforcement. If enforcement is low, implying that substantial numbers of illegal immigrants enter the country, then the ultimate effect of the policy is to exclude these immigrants from the official labor market and thus raise the risk that they become involved in criminal activity.
All works cited are provided therein. Downloads Related Content. Related Content.But does that great proverb apply to cultures and our modern public discourse? I believe it does. We live in an age where more and more people have become dependent on packaged contexts — many of us have stopped thinking and analysing. Instead, we wait for that analyst or that social media influencer to tell us X is good and Y is bad.
These are the people without a vision or the ability or the desire to excel. We became content with the middle. We no longer want to disturb the sweeping conformism. No storming of the Bastille. No mutiny on the Aurora. Instead, the mediocre have seized power without firing a single shot.
Populists thrive on the inability of some to make their own independent opinions. They target the mediocre because they are easy to win over. Their buttons are easy to press. Natives are faced with the danger of overwhelming immigration. Religious extremists are threatened by secularists and liberals. There is no depth in his sentences.
It worked for him well in He counts on the mediocres to carry him again to the White House in November. Needless to say one of the biggest Italian TV networks, Mediasat, is infamous for its provocative reality programmes. In the Arab world, the situation can get even worse.
It might not be reality TV oriented but surely similar in outcome. The rise of Daesh and Al Qaida is squarely populist. They were told over and over again that their religion was under threat. Most investigations into the recruitment methods of these terror networks found out that most recruits were either school dropouts or with low education.
Mediocracy again. And it keeps getting worse. Historians argue that the rise of superficiality began in the s which coincided with the rise of the Right in the US and UK, with the elections of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Oliver Stones did a great job in chronicling this period in his classic film, Wall Street.
In the Arab world, we are not far from this shift. I think the impact has been even bigger in this region. We were hit by two vicious currents: the ultra-religious movement and the postmodern movement this one was unfortunately not a natural evolution of modernity, in which we did not enter at all by that time, but was more of a jump into the void.
These two currents were not interested in building on the prevailing societal values but sought to completely break with those foundations. The roles of a sensible leader, the intellectual and the creative artist were replaced by religious extremists and petty artists.
Consumerism, dependent on imports, replaced national manufacturing — especially in traditional manufacturing states such as Egypt and Lebanon. The imports culture extended beyond consumer goods and food. We imported pre-packaged culture too. Now influencers have the power to define the social standards and draw the boundaries of our culture. Replacing the Bin Ladens and Al Baghdadis, the influencers are our new populists.Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline.
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Clicking on Heaven’s Door: The Effect of Immigrant Legalization on Crime
Has PDF. More Filters. Do Immigrants Cause Crime. We examine the empirical relationship between immigration and crime across Italian provinces during the period Drawing on police administrative records, we first document that the size of … Expand. View via Publisher. Research Feed. We quantify the private returns and social costs of political connections exploiting a unique longitudinal dataset that combines matched employer-employee data for a representative sample of Italian … Expand.
View on SSRN.Pablo Ayo, Mauro Biglino e Leo Zagami - Conferenza a Latina - 22 Settembre 2013
The Political Economy of Privatization. This paper provides an empirical analysis of the role of political institutions in privatization. The empirical testing relies on a new political database with continuous and time-varying measures of … Expand.
Organized Crime, Violence, and Politics. We investigate how criminal organizations strategically use violence to influence elections in order to get captured politicians elected.
The model offers novel testable implications about the use of … Expand. We study the political impact of entertainment television in Italy exploiting the staggered introduction of Berlusconi's commercial TV network, Mediaset, in the early s.
We find that individuals … Expand. View PDF. I examine the post-war economic growth of two regions in southern Italy exposed to the presence of maa organizations after the s and apply synthetic control methods to estimate their … Expand. We estimate the e ect of immigrant legalization on the crime rate of immigrants in Italy by exploiting an ideal regression discontinuity design: fixed quotas of residence permits are available each … Expand.
Revealing Stereotypes: Evidence from Immigrants in Schools. If individuals become aware of their stereotypes, do they change their behavior? We study this question in the context of teachers' bias in grading immigrants and native children in middle schools.
Delayed privatization. This paper studies the timing of privatization in 21 major developed economies in the — period.
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FRED data. Research output as. Discussion Papers. Kennedy School of Government. Paolo Pinotti, Pinotti, Paolo, The private returns and social costs of political connections ," Temi di discussione Economic working papersBank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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Teachers give lower grades to immigrant students compared to natives who have the same performance on standardized, blindly-graded tests. We find that math teachers with stronger stereotypes give lower grades to immigrants compared to natives with the same performance. Literature teachers do not differentially grade immigrants based on their own stereotypes. Organized Crime, Violence, and Politics with Alberto AlesinaSalvatore Piccolo : w We investigate how criminal organizations strategically use violence to influence elections in order to get captured politicians elected.
The model offers novel testable implications about the use of pre-electoral violence under different types of electoral systems and different degrees of electoral competition. We provide additional evidence on the influence of organized crime on politics using parliamentary speeches of politicians elected in Sicily durFollow This forum is closedno new threads or posts can be created. Follow Follow Follow Follow Follow Follow This forum is closedno new threads or posts can be created.
Watch out for Adama Traore though. Create an account to post a reply. Integrate the suggestion into the annotation, keeping the contributor guidelines in mind. Leicester's dynamic duo of Vardy and Mahrez are back on form with the latter grabbing his fair share of goals again.
We know what he's capable of. Worse off at the weights with Corinthia Knight but two lengths better off at the Breeders' Cup and has the stronger form. David Moyes' side did really well at the Etihad but ultimately came away with nothing. But weirdly, this team doesn't seem to handle encouraging signs very well. Two teams who have adjusted well to the top flight but the next few weeks will be crucial. They both rank in the bottom 3 for total shots taken and shots on target.
Swansea are the worst side in the division illustrated by a chronic lack of goals since Sigurddson and Llorente departed. Sat close to a strong pace at Wolverhampton last time and got picked off but might not get caught at his favourite venue. Arsenal's 2nd string will get another run out on Thursday. Their last 2 Europa games have ended in a 0-0 home draw and a 1-0 loss in Cologne. Getting better with each run. Has some good speed ratings and sectionals under her belt.
If the starting price (SP) is bigger than the current price, you get paid at the bigger SP. Steady early pace didn't suit two starts back but will be a danger if getting a more solid gallop. Basel won the reverse fixture 5-0 and will progress with a win over pointless Benfica. Has a good strike-rate at this level and second from poor draw last time over course and distance. The champions elect have only sneaked victory in each of their last 3 games against Feyenoord, Huddersfield and Southampton.
West Ham's mission is to avoid embarrassment. The Cherries have improved greatly over the last 2 months and we shouldn't rule them out because of one bad day at the office. Track record under today's conditions is 211824 and is running well enough of late to suggest she can take a hand.
The Frenchman finally got the better of Jose in May and has realistic hopes of making it two in a row on Saturday night. The Hong Kong International meeting includes four feature races with the Hong Kong Vase, Hong Kong Sprint, Hong Kong Mile and Hong Kong Cup taking place at Sha Tin on Sunday.
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